“This Week In Law”

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This upcoming Friday, I’m going to be a guest on an online show, “This Week in Law” to discuss this blog. To learn more about the show, click here, and definitely check it out on Friday! I will also be working hard on my entries on the last episodes of PLL & Twisted. 🙂

Announcement/ Regrouping

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Posts on the most recent episodes of “Twisted” and “PLL” are in the works. While you wait, for those of you who watch “Breaking Bad,” a completely unrelated show to those that have been covered on this site so far, I posted my thoughts on the final episodes we’ve seen on my other blog.  Only read it if you have seen at least up to episode 5×09.

While we’re on the subject of shows not covered on this blog, PLL & Twisted both have finales coming up, so I want your opinions.  Would you like to see me cover older PLL episodes that haven’t been covered yet? OR are there shows that you think would have good material for this blog?

Let me know in the comments! 🙂

If I don’t get suggestions, by default I’ll go back to old episodes of PLL from the early seasons that aired before this blog existed, but I’d love to add more shows!

The Mirror Has Three Faces – Are They All Pretty Little Liars? (PLL Episode 4×10 recap + broken laws)

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Firstly, while last week’s episode, “Into The Deep,” was quite eventful, our biggest offenders were either being institutionalized or tracked by ankle bracelets.  Ashley is not a fan of her new required jewelry, but so far she’s being compliant.  The only broken laws were committed by unknown offenders, and they will be addressed when we learn who was behind the crimes.

Onto the most recent episode, 4×10, “The Mirror Has Three Faces.”

This episode begins with our favorite four girls attempting to sneak back to school after cutting class to attempt to visit (and interrogate) Jenna.  Hanna insists that they would have been more successful if they wore the candy stripe uniforms that they’ve already been caught wearing by hospital security cameras; that doesn’t sound like such a great plan either.  Didn’t Hanna just get busted for trying to bury a concealed weapon that was used to murder a police officer?  Has she learned nothing?



In the school hallway, Emily receives a text that she deems “worse than an ‘A’ text.”  Mrs. DiLaurentis has texted her offering her a place to stay instead of the motel room where she has been living; Emily now has the opportunity to stay in Ali’s old bedroom.  She is extraordinarily creeped out by this, but Hanna insists that Emily take Mrs. DiLaurentis up on the offer so that she can look for clues.

Spencer and Hanna debate over which is creepier: Emily’s current motel or Ali’s bedroom.  Spencer feels that it’s scary to sleep in your dead best friend’s bedroom, but Hanna points out that Emily’s motel comes fully equipped with an ice machine employee who crushes ice with his armpits.  This is a tough call, but Hanna deems Ali’s room the better choice; these girls have had some bad experiences with creepy hotels.

Spencer sees Ezra struggling to open the door to his classroom, as he’s forgotten his keys (for the second time today).  She offers to help him get the door open because of her experience in picking locks.  She should add that into her college admissions essay along with tales of her stay at Radley.

Hanna is asking Caleb about his progress in his sleuthing process of finding out who owns the forwarding address that they’re using to track Red Coat.  Hanna wants to know if the address belongs to CeCe, so Caleb patiently explains that it’s a P.O. Box and people don’t jump out of those the way people jump out of birthday cakes.  He mentions that he has a lead, so of course Hanna wants to know how he got it… until he mentions the word “firewall.”  Fire what?! Ok, Caleb, you can take care of this on your own.

Aria shows Jake pictures that she has taken of him and they discuss his match tonight — and it requires head shots!  Aria wants to go to the match and Jake agrees to this.

Wren is back!  And apparently he is now a psychologist at Radley and Mona is his patient.  He shows her a picture and asks for her emotional reaction, but Mona is not very cooperative.  She insults the artist of the picture with snarky remarks.  Then, Wren asks her about Wilden, and she still contends that she killed him to get him out of her friends’ way.  Wren doesn’t believe her and he wishes Mona would trust him the way she did last time she was in Radley.  Mona explains that she would never be honest with him again after finding out where his loyalties lie and that he had been keeping secrets from her.  This whole exchange is bizarre; does this mean that Wren used to do A-team dirty work for Mona?  Loyalties? Wren is loyal?

Toby heads to his loft where he finds an envelope labeled “Toby Cavanaugh” (we saw “A” with this envelope in the final scene of episode 4×09).  Inside, he finds the music to a song called “Any Time” and a note that says “leave the lamb alone and go to the lion.”

Meanwhile, Spencer and Emily arrive at Emily’s new digs, Ali’s old bedroom.  It doesn’t look old though; it looks exactly the same as it did when Ali still lived there.  Emily freaks out about staying there because it looks like The Museum of Modern Alison DiLaurentis.  Ali’s old hair accessories (even the creepy bows!), her posters and her jewelry remain placed in the bedroom as if nothing has changed.  Mrs. DiLaurentis walks into the room and immediately wants Emily to feel at home.  She apologizes that the house is cold; a repair man is coming later to fix the furnace.  She offers the girls vanilla wafers, then she offers Emily some hangers, before realizing that all of the hangers are still being occupied by Alison’s clothing.  Emily and Spencer look terrified of the closet when they see Ali’s entire wardrobe; it’s as if they think that if they open the closet doors, they’ll be taken into Narnia and get stuck there forever.  Emily quickly ends this awkward moment by assuring Mrs. DiLaurentis that she doesn’t really wear clothes that need hangers.

While Emily is getting used to the Ali shrine that is her temporary bedroom, Hanna is at her house with Caleb.  Hanna assures Caleb that she has not rekindled her friendship with carbs; the food in front of her is for her mother. Caleb thought that they’d go to Philly to investigate the mystery PO box, but Hanna informs him that Aria is already doing that; she has a different request.  She wants Caleb to get her into Radley so that she can visit her crazy, old bestie, Mona.  Caleb reminds Hanna that Mona is undergoing a psych evaluation and that it’s ridiculous for any of them to trust her at all.  He suggests that Hanna go to the police and her parents and tell them that “A” is back.

Instead of talking to her mother or the police, Hanna stalks Wren down.  Hanna begs Wren to let her in to see Mona.  He refuses and says that he shouldn’t even be speaking to Hanna because of her mother’s situation.  When Hanna explains that she wants to ask about CeCe, Wren seems troubled, and Hanna notices.  When she asks about it, he explains that he was told that a blonde girl attempted to visit Mona last night and he had assumed that it was Hanna.  He then pretty much says that the security system sucks at Radley because they’re short-staffed, and implies that CeCe may have gotten in somehow even though she was refused entry at the front desk.  Hanna begs him to peruse the Radley security cameras to find out the truth, and Wren agrees to “see what he can do.”

Apparently, what he can do is immediately grab his cell phone to make a shady phone call to a mysterious person and say “We have a problem.  I’ll take care of my end; you take care of yours.”  We’re left wondering what that means.

Toby has shown Spencer the note he received.  Clearly “the lamb” was a reference to Eddie Lamb, and Spencer somehow concludes that the lion is Doctor Palmer.  Toby recognizes the sheet music that was sent to him; his mother used to play that song all of the time.  He asks Spencer to go visit Doctor Palmer with him.  She agrees to go, but she wants to know how long she will need to continue lying to her friends.  Toby says that if the other girls find out about any of this, “A” will stop giving him information, so Spencer has to keep lying until Toby finds out what really happened to his mother.  Evidently, Toby has decided that everything “A” tells him is trustworthy information.

Emily creeps around the DiLaurentis’ house, which is unusually dark, until she gets startled by Mrs. DiLaurentis.  Mrs. DiLaurentis reveals that her husband is divorcing her.

A very angry Ezra Fitz confronts Maggie with an envelope from a DNA lab.  It turns out, Ezra is not Malcolm’s father, and Maggie knew this the entire time.  She attempts to come up with pathetic excuses, but Ezra is furious, AND he has grounds to sue her.  That’s right, Maggie, you can’t just go around and tell people that they’re the father of your child, not without bringing us to:

Broken Law # 1 Alert!

According to Pennsylvania case law, Ezra would have a civil case against Maggie for fraud.  Fraud is:   

“anything calculated to deceive, whether by single act or combination, or by suppression of truth, or suggestion of what is false, whether it be by direct falsehood or by innuendo, by speech or silence, word of mouth, or look or gesture.” Martin v. Hale Prods., 699 A.2d 1283, 1287-88 (Pa. Super. 1997)

The test for fraud: 
(1) misrepresentation, (2) a fraudulent utterance, (3) an intention by the maker that the recipient will thereby be induced to act, (4) justifiable reliance by the recipient upon the misrepresentation, and (5) damage to the recipient as a proximate result. N.C. v. M.H., 923 A.2d 499, 503 (Pa. Super. 2007)

Although since Ezra has no biological rights to Malcolm, since he’s not the father and his name wasn’t on the birth certificate, he still can sue Maggie for fraud and he’d have a chance at winning, given what she has done.

While Ezra surprises Maggie with all of the information he knows about her deceitful behavior, Hanna informs her friends, via text message, that CeCe may have visited Mona in Radley.  She had just gone to drop off some papers at Mrs. Hastings’ office, and she catches Caleb headed in the same direction.  Hanna interrupts Caleb’s plan to tell Veronica about “A.”  Caleb explains that he’s worried that he isn’t enough to protect Hanna anymore against this enemy that is “everywhere and nowhere at the same time.”  If those words sound familiar, it’s because Mona said the same thing about Red Coat when she was trapped in a burning building with the girls.  Wren pulls up and stares at Hanna and Caleb with an odd expression on his face.  It seems like he’s up to no good.

Next, Veronica Hastings heads home to get some files.  She gets a surprise and clearly unwanted visit from Wren.  When Wren brings up the possibility of Veronica still liking him, she laughs in his face and demands why he’s in her house.  Wren explains that he came to warn Veronica about Mona.  Veronica says that she doesn’t care why Mona confessed and whether or not her confession is true, because she’s an evil defense attorney who doesn’t care about the real facts as long as she wins her case.

Wren insists that while Mona did confess, she’s going to turn it around and use it against Veronica.  He claims that Mona plans on saying that Veronica bullied her into confessing to murdering Wilden.  When Veronica reminds Wren that he could lose his medical license by telling her this information, Wren seems oddly unconcerned.  Maybe that’s because he’s experienced, somehow, in every type of field of medicine in the world.  However, Veronica is correct; Wren has just broken the law, leading us to:


Broken Law # 2 Alert!

42 Pa.C.S. § 5944 – Psychotherapist-patient privilege: (in relevant part)

“No psychiatrist or person who has been licensed . . . to practice psychology shall be, without the written consent of his client, examined in any civil or criminal matter as to any information acquired in
the course of his professional services in behalf of such client. The confidential relations and communications between a psychologist or psychiatrist and his client shall be on the same basis as those provided or prescribed by law between an attorney and client.”

According to case law, this applies to both, testimony and records created during the confidential relationship. Commonwealth v. Eck, 413 Pa. Super. 538,545, 605 A.2d 1248, 1252(1990)

(paraphrased) 

For our purposes, I’m presuming that Wren does, in fact, have a license to practice psychology, although I truly don’t understand how a man that was still in medical school two years ago practices so many different fields of medicine.  But if he has this license, he has also confirmed with Veronica that Mona is still his patient, so he’d definitely be in violation of the law.

I suppose it wouldn’t be a proper way to return back to Rosewood without breaking the law on your first day back! 

Ezra is still screaming at Maggie, and she attempts to justify her behavior by explaining that she “knew there was a question and gave herself the answer that she wanted.”  Apparently Maggie doesn’t realize that she’s in Rosewood, where lying is everybody’s specialty; she’s an amateur.  The “answer she wanted?”  That’s a nice euphemism for lying, Maggie!  Ezra is devastated by this revelation, and as sad as this scene is, I’m sure Ezria fans all over the place just want Maggie and Malcolm to get out of Rosewood, NOW, Monopoly style.  Do not pass GO, do not collect $200, just get out.  

Meanwhile, the girl Ezra lost because of all of the commotion with Maggie, Aria, is currently on a scavenger hunt for CeCe Drake, while she’s supposed to be at Jake’s match.  She plans to stalk every vintage clothing boutique in town until she can locate CeCe.  She has a good alibi though, she told him that she was going to get frozen yogurt.  However, it seems like she’s been walking around for about an hour, so that yogurt must be really good!  Aria finds an angry girl in a pink shirt packing boxes.  Aria approaches her and states that she’s looking for CeCe Drake.  Apparently this girl has a problem with CeCe also, since she responds, “If you find her, let me know.”

Emily is at Museum DiLaurentis, talking to Ali’s mom about how people have different ways of grieving.  Mrs. DiLaurentis feels as if she “loses a piece of Ali” every day and claims that, that is her reason for recreating Ali’s bedroom.  Emily opens up to Mrs. D about her relationship issues, to which Mrs. D has a somewhat odd response.  She assumes that Emily is referring to a male significant other, but when Emily comes out to her, she implies that she knew that Emily was in love with Ali.  She also wishes that Ali returned those feelings for Emily. 

Back in Philly, Aria is still talking to the angry girl.  She informs Aria that when CeCe “left” UPenn (at first she claims that CeCe dropped out, but Aria reveals that she knows that CeCe was kicked out), she was supposedly still paying rent.  It appears that this girl is losing her apartment because of CeCe.  The girl reveals that Ali got CeCe kicked out of school, or at least that’s CeCe’s story, and this girl believes it.  She has met Alison and she could “see that girl pushing someone down the stairs.”  We learn that she’s referring to the fraternity party the girls went to back in the beginning of the series.  A girl was pushed down the stairs at that party, and according to this new information, Ali is the person who pushed the girl, and then she framed CeCe which got her kicked out of school.

As if that isn’t enough shocking information for Aria, the girl continues.  She’s surprised Aria didn’t already know all of this, because she is part of the group of “she-devils,” as CeCe referred to them, that hung out with Alison.  Aria learns that CeCe thought all of the girls were in on Alison’s little “prank,” and she held a grudge and hated all of them for it.  

Potential Broken Law # 3 Alert! 

If the girl’s story is true and Alison really pushed a girl down the stairs, Alison would have been guilty for: 
Aggravated assault – 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 2702 (in relevant part): 
“(a) Offense defined.–”A person is guilty of aggravated assault if he: attempts to cause serious bodily injury to another,or causes such injury intentionally, knowingly or recklessly under circumstances manifesting extreme indifference to the value of human life;…”


(b)Grading.–”Aggravated assault under subsection (a)(1)…is a felony of the first degree….”



Alison is making it really difficult for people to miss her. 

Speaking of Alison, while Aria is finding out all of this news, Hanna is in Alison’s house looking for Mrs. DiLaurentis.  As Hanna walks in, we see somebody in a red coat walk in as well, but of course Hanna doesn’t notice.  Hanna roams around Ali’s room looking at her old trinkets, including a music box.  In the mirror of the music box, we see that a person in a red coat and an Ali mask is in the same room as Hanna, and Hanna doesn’t notice this because she’s busy fiddling around with an old ring of Ali’s.  

Spencer and Toby go to visit Dr. Palmer, and at first it seems as if he doesn’t have much information to give them.  They both look disappointed.  Meanwhile Aria is finally actually heading towards Jake’s match– he’s up in 5 minutes — but she gets a phone call from Ezra and tells Jake that she needs to take the call.  Apparently she really meant “One sec, I have to decline this call in private!” 

While Spencer is visiting one mental patient, her mother is visiting another; Veronica pays a visit to Mona in Radley to show her just how tough she is.  She asks Mona why she’s taking the blame for Wilden’s death, and makes it clear that she has the connections to make sure Mona spends the rest of her life rotting in a jail cell if she should use this stunt against Spencer or her friends.  

Back at the Dr. Palmer visit, Spencer miraculously knows how to play the song that Toby received on the piano, and wouldn’t you know it, there’s a piano conveniently in the room!  Spencer begins playing it, and Dr. Palmer suddenly thinks that Spencer is Marion Cavanaugh, Toby’s mother.  He asks her if Toby is coming today.  Spencer weirdly pretends that she is her boyfriend’s dead mother so that she can get information out of Dr. Palmer.  Dr. Palmer’s visiting time runs out just when Spencer asks Dr. Palmer about the dangerous blonde girl– you know, the one that Dr. Palmer warned “her” about, since she’s still playing the role of Marion Cavanaugh.  Spencer asks if her name was CeCe Drake.  Dr. Palmer doesn’t answer this, but instead asks the person wheeling him out of the room, “Can you please show Mrs. DiLaurentis to my office?”  

Spencer attempts to report this to her friends, but she’s having a tough time convincing them that she’s 100% sure that Dr. Palmer said “Mrs. DiLaurentis,” while simultaneously lying and saying that Toby visited Dr. Palmer alone.  

Hanna and Spencer want to ask Mrs. DiLaurentis if she knows anything about Dr. Palmer.  Emily thinks that it’s too insensitive and she leaves to go to work.  Hanna and Spencer stay, and Spencer asks Mrs. DiLaurentis if she knows of Dr. Palmer.  She justifies her question by saying that Dr. Palmer mentioned Mrs. DiLaurentis.  Mrs. DiLaurentis says that the name rings a bell, and that she thinks that she met him one time.  Mrs. DiLaurentis starts telling the girls the story, and this brings us into a crazy flashback.

During the flashback, Mrs. DiLaurentis slammed a piano lid that Alison is playing with absolutely no regard to the fact that Ali had .5 seconds to move her fingers before they potentially got chopped off.  Mrs. DiLaurentis was so furious because she had been punk’d by Ali and CeCe.  She had received a phone call that her daughter was at Radley, and that she might be a danger to herself and others, and that she wanted to stay there.  Mrs. DiLaurentis rushed to Radley to deal with the situation, only to find that Ali was never there; CeCe Drake was there dressed up in all of Alison’s clothes.  Ali responded to Mrs. DiLaurentis’ story by saying “I can’t believe the crazy bitch actually did it.”  And Mrs. DiLaurentis made it clear that this is the last game Ali and CeCe will ever play; CeCe was no longer welcome in their house.  

This crazy story leads us to:

Broken Law # 4 Alert! 

As angry as Mrs. DiLaurentis was because of the prank, her behavior towards Ali with the piano amounts to a crime.

Simple assault – 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 2701 (in relevant part):
(a)  Offense defined.–A person is guilty of assault if he:
(1) attempts to cause…bodily injury to another…”
(b)  Grading.–”Simple assault is a misdemeanor of the second
     Degree…”

Back in real time, Spencer and Hanna are stunned by this story.  Mrs. D tells them that from the very beginning of Ali and CeCe’s friendship, something was wrong.  She contends that they were obsessed with each other and that they “wore each other’s personalities.”  

At Spencer’s house, Spencer and Hanna relay this story to Caleb, who agrees that it’s messed up.  Spencer theorizes that Ali must have had the masks of her face made for CeCe and not the PLLs.  Veronica comes home and informs them that the court received an anonymous tip accusing Veronica of obstruction of justice; the person making the anonymous tip has claimed that Veronica bullied Mona into making her confession.  Veronica further explains that even though the allegations are not true, she needs to recuse herself from the case in order to not harm Ashley’s case.  This leaves Ashley currently without a lawyer.

Legal Note:

Although Mrs. Hastings didn’t bully Mona, I’m going to cite the law that she’s being accused of breaking.

Intimidation of witnesses or victims – 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 4952 (in relevant part):

(a) Offense defined.–A person commits an offense if, with the intent to or with the knowledge that his conduct will obstruct, impede, impair, prevent or interfere with the administration of criminal justice, he intimidates or attempts to intimidate any witness or victim to:…

(2) Give any false or misleading information or testimony relating to the commission of any crime to any law enforcement officer, prosecuting official or judge…”
(b) Grading: …  (2)  The offense is a felony of the first degree if a felony of the first degree or murder in the first or second degree was charged in the case in which the actor sought to influence or intimidate a witness or victim as specified in this subsection.

With such harsh allegations against her, even though they’re not true, Veronica is correct that they could potentially be used against her in court if she remains on Ashley’s case.  Hanna is furious that Mrs. Hastings is recusing herself even though she didn’t do anything wrong.  Spencer and Caleb want her to remain calm, so naturally she throws a temper tantrum and screams her head off.

It seems as though Aria falls for guys rather quickly; Jake’s match ended and they’re sitting on the steps switching off between eating and kissing.  

Wren is on another mysterious phone call; he claims that he is “shocked” that Veronica would coerce Mona into confessing.  However, something shady is definitely going on with Wren’s behavior; he continues on to state that he “dodged a bullet” by not marrying Melissa (and therefore not getting Veronica as a mother-in-law).  He then says, with an eerie tone of voice, “that just goes to show that you can’t trust anyone.”  I don’t know if anyone is trusting Wren right now either!

Emily is still with Mrs. DiLaurentis- who has now told her that she can call her Jessica.  The repair man has come to fix the furnace, but upon fixing it, he found “another problem” in the DiLaurentis house.  Emily and Jessica go to explore, and it turns out that somebody has secretly been using the DiLaurentis basement a “temporary home” as Jessica puts it.  The basement is a mess, and Emily suggests calling the police, but Jessica is sure that the person is long gone by now.  Emily discovers holes in the basement ceiling and realizes that someone has been spying on the household. 

And, it’s not “Pretty Little Liars” without a creepy ending, so, at the end of the episode, we see “A” in Emily’s still severely damaged house.  “A” is throwing things all over the place, breaking picture frames of Emily’s family, and worst of all, has put the mysterious dirty high heels AKA damning evidence against Ashley Marin, in Emily’s house. 

Stay tuned for the next episode where we (maybe) find out what’s going on! 





PLL Theories to Pass The Time

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I am working on my updates on PLL (and then Twisted, of course).  While you wait, I have written two theories about Wren from Pretty Little Liars.  I made a post that considers both, the idea of him being a bad guy, and the idea of him being a good guy.

Click here to read the theories!

EDIT: Here is one more theory… It involves some characters that haven’t been seen in awhile.  It’s just for fun, but definitely check it out!

Expect a PLL update soon!

The Truth Will Out– But Is The Truth More Twisted Than The Lies? (Twisted episode 1×09 recap + broken laws)

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This entry will also contain comments about episodes 1×06, 1×07 and 1×08

Episode 1×09 begins just like your average television show about teenagers, with a secret couple discussing a murder.  Danny and Lacey are talking inside the police station, which seems to be a regular hangout spot for the Twisted crowd.  Lacey wants to know how Danny feels about his mother’s recent confession; in the previous episode, “Docu-Trauma,” Karen confessed to killing Regina Crane.  This confession has come as a shock to everyone, and many people are hesitant to believe that Karen really is to blame for Regina’s death.  Jo joins them at the station and wants them to fill her in on what has happened.

Meanwhile, inside a holding room, Karen and Kyle are talking, and it appears as if it has been a long, repetitive conversation.  Karen has not convinced Kyle that she really killed Regina; Kyle believes that she is just trying to take the blame for a crime that her son committed.  Karen gives Kyle her reason for murdering Regina when she claims that she noticed Regina wearing the red and gold necklace that we all love to hate, and decided to confront her about it. Karen claims that when she did so after Regina’s party, Regina confessed that she was in love with Vikram, Karen’s husband.





Legal Note # 1: 

During this oh-so-pleasant conversation between Kyle and Karen, Kyle asked Karen if she had suspected that Vikram cheated on her during their marriage.  She answered affirmatively.  If she’s correct, and Vikram is still alive (no body was ever found after his “death”), Vikram would be guilty of: 


New York Penal- Article 255- § 255.17 Adultery.

  “A person is guilty of adultery when he engages in sexual intercourse with another person at a time when he has a living spouse, or the other person has a living spouse.”



Grading: “Adultery is a class B misdemeanor.” 

Kyle wants more details, but when he asks Karen what she used to hit Regina, she can’t remember.  When Kyle remains unconvinced, Karen asks, “Why would I lie about this?”  Kyle clearly believes that Karen is lying to protect Danny.  He informs Karen that he will not arrest her until he is sure, and that he has 48 hours before he legally has to call the DA.  He needs more answers before he’s going to make that phone call.  Judging by Kyle’s stubborn behavior, he probably does not plan on sleeping for the next 48 hours unless a lot more has been resolved.  Karen realizes this and demands to speak to her son.

When Kyle leaves the holding room, he is surprised to see our favorite trio waiting there, especially his daughter.  He offers to have an officer drive Lacey and Jo home, but both of them refuse to leave.  These two girls are going to be incredibly pissed off if Danny turns out being a murderous sociopath.

When Danny leaves the girls, they begin discussing Karen’s confession.  Lacey wonders if Karen is really capable of murder and believes that Karen’s confession confirms their suspicions about Vikram Desai and Regina Crane having an affair.

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The girls developed a theory about a possible affair between Vikram and Regina after their surprising discovery in episode 1×06, “Three for the Road.”  In that episode, they went on a road trip to figure out who lived at the return address listed on an envelope mailed to Regina, which indicated that Regina was being blackmailed by its sender.  When they arrived at the mysterious apartment, the girls discovered that Vikram Desai (who is supposed to be dead) was named as the owner.

Danny also confronted his mother with this allegation in episode 1×08, and Karen responded that what he was implying was disgusting.

Legal Note # 2: 

IF it turns out that Danny, Lacey and Jo are correct about the Vikram/Regina affair, Vikram (if he is still alive of course) could be charged with a crime:

New York Penal- Article130- § 130.25 Rape in the third degree. (in relevant part)
 “A person is guilty of rape in the third degree when: … 2. Being twenty-one years old or more, he or she engages in sexual intercourse with another person less than seventeen years old;…”
Grading: “Rape in the third degree is a class E felony.”

Vikram was definitely over the age of 21 when and if anything between him and Regina happened.  Regina passed away at the age of 16.

Let’s hope that Karen knows her husband better than Detectives Masterson, Porter and Desai, because she’s right about the alleged affair being disgusting; it’s more than just disgusting.  It’s illegal!

************************************************************************

Meanwhile, here in episode 1×09, Jo wonders if this means that Karen sent Regina the money and the note, which indicated that Regina was being paid to shut her mouth about some sort of illegal conduct.  In my entry on episode 1×03, “The Fest and the Furious,” we discussed that if Regina accepted such bribes, her behavior would not be within the law.

Legal Note # 3:


If Jo’s current allegations about Karen being the person behind the note Regina received, Karen would be guilty of: 


New York Penal- Article 215- § 215.00  Bribing a witness.
  “A person is guilty of bribing a witness when he confers, or offers or agrees to confer, any benefit upon a witness or a person about to be called as a witness in any action or proceeding upon an agreement or understanding that (a) the testimony of such witness will thereby be influenced, or (b) such witness will absent himself from, or otherwise avoid or seek to avoid appearing or testifying at, such action or proceeding.”

Grading: “Bribing a witness is a class D felony.”


This will have to remain a question for later, because right now, Lacey is too exhausted to think about who sent Regina that crazy and terrifying note.  She has more dreadful, looming events to consider.  Her sister’s birthday party is coming up this weekend, and it’s going to be a disaster!  To make things worse, her father is flying in for the occasion.  This definitely trumps the ongoing murder investigation involving her secret boyfriend and his mother.  The girls’ conversation makes it abundantly clear that there’s tension between Lacey and her father.

There’s even more tension in the holding room where Danny and Karen are having a mother-son moment in the form of a conversation about murder.  Danny demands to know why Karen confessed to the murder and accuses Karen of still believing that he murdered Regina.  Karen insists that she killed Regina.  They are arguing over who committed the murder as if the killer wins an olympic type gold medal upon getting arrested.  Karen explains that she couldn’t continue to watch Danny get attacked for a crime that she committed and that she couldn’t live with the guilt.  Danny questions her about the necklace, Chief Masterson style.  He looks like he doesn’t know what to believe.  Karen pleads with him to be happy and enjoy his life.

When Karen refers to Danny getting attacked for a crime she committed, she is referring to the stunts that happened in episode 1×08, “Docu-Trauma.”

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In episode 1×08, Tyler Lewis (Chris Zylka), Phoebe’s brother, worked on a documentary, but it turned out that this was at Danny’s expense.  He got all of the pranks pulled on Danny on film, which is not smart considering that a lot of the “jokes” were not legal.  

Very early in the episode, after Karen and Danny had their awkward conversation regarding Vikram and Regina, Karen opened the front door and screamed.  Danny went to see what had happened and discovered that somebody covered his entire lawn with jump ropes, a reference to how Danny allegedly killed his aunt.   Later in the episode, we learned that Tyler was behind this prank among others. 


Broken Law # 1 Alert! (episode 1×08)

New York Penal- Article 145- § 145.00 Criminal mischief in the fourth degree. (in relevant part) :

A person is guilty of criminal mischief in the fourth degree when, having no right to do so nor any reasonable ground to believe that he or she has such right, he or she: …Intentionally damages property of another person;…”

Grading: “Criminal Mischief in the fourth degree is a class A misdemeanor.”  

In the same episode, Lacey agreed to go on a date with Danny, but only — of course — if they had the date at night, in secret, in the pitch-black where nobody could see them.  This is how every romantic love story begins, right?  

The date was rudely interrupted by a creepy crowd of people wearing masks of Danny’s face.  This is terrifying for more than one reason, as Lacey eloquently pointed out afterwards.  First of all, those people were clearly following them, and even worse, now everyone in the school might know about their relationship!  They’re probably too busy finding more laws to break at Danny’s expense to care, though.


Broken Law # 2 Alert! (episode 1×08) 

New York Penal- Article 120- § 120.45 Stalking in the fourth degree. (in relevant part) : 

 “A person is guilty of stalking in the fourth degree when he or she intentionally, and for no legitimate purpose, engages in a course of conduct directed at a specific person, and knows or reasonably should know that such conduct:
  1. is likely to cause reasonable fear of material harm to the physical health, safety or property of such person, a member of such person`s immediate family or a third party with whom such person is acquainted;…” 

Grading: “Stalking in the fourth degree is a class B misdemeanor.”

At this point, Tyler has already targeted Danny twice, and it only gets worse throughout the episode.  Although Danny may not be afraid for his own safety, it is clear that he is concerned about protecting Lacey.  

Tyler is likely also guilty of:

Broken Law # 3 Alert! (episode 1×08) 

New York Penal- Article 240- § 
240.26 Harassment in the second degree. (in relevant part) 



  “A person is guilty of harassment in the second degree when, with intent to harass, annoy or alarm another person: …
  2. He or she follows a person in or about a public place or places; or
  3. He or she engages in a course of conduct or repeatedly commits acts which alarm or seriously annoy such other person and which serve no legitimate purpose…”

Grading: Harassment in the second degree is a violation. 

(Since this is only a violation, which is an offense that is not serious enough to amount to a misdemeanor in New York, it’s likely the only punishment for this behavior would be a fine.)

However, Tyler is not off the hook yet.  Remember that this group of people were wearing masks to deliberately mimic Danny’s face.  Later at Danny’s party, people in masks (under Tyler’s direction) showed up and simulated a strangulation, intending to simulate Danny strangling his aunt.  

Broken Law # 4 Alert! (episode 1×08) 

New York Penal- Article 190- § 190.25 Criminal impersonation in the second degree. (in relevant part)

  “A person is guilty of criminal impersonation in the second degree when 
he:  1. Impersonates another and does an act in such assumed character with intent to obtain a benefit or to injure or defraud another…”

Grading: “Criminal impersonation in the second degree is a class A misdemeanor.”

Note that the behavior of the person who video taped Danny and Lacey in this episode will be addressed when his or her identity is revealed.

*********************************************************************

Back in episode 1×09, Eddie, an officer who works with Kyle asks him if he’s considered the possibility that Karen is telling the truth about having murdered Regina.  He attempts to remind Kyle that they have evidence against Karen, but Kyle dismisses this because they “only” have evidence that Karen disposed of evidence and obstructed their case.  His tone indicates a hint of bias. 

Legal Note # 4: 

Please see the “legal note” after broken law # 1 in my entry on episode 1×03, “The Fest and the Furious” for a reminder of why Kyle would likely be removed from this case because of his personal interest in the outcome. 

Eddie continues to argue with Kyle.  He points out that if Regina and Vikram were having an affair, then Karen has a motive, whereas they have yet to prove any motive that Danny would have to kill Regina.  Lastly, the officer points out that if Danny has any sort of conscience, then if he killed Regina, he will not let his mother take the blame for it.  

When Danny finishes his conversation with Karen and joins Jo and Lacey, they ask him what Karen said and whether he had asked her about Regina and his father.  Danny gives them short answers that don’t really reveal his stance on whether or not Karen is telling the truth.  He also doesn’t tell the girls about Karen’s comments about wanting Danny to be happy. 

Next, Kyle joins the three of them and informs Danny that Karen is going to be held for 48 hours before the police decide if they’re going to formally charge her.  The fact that Kyle is having this conversation with Danny, Jo and Lacey reinforces the above point in Legal Note # 4.  Kyle continues to press Danny for information about Karen and Regina, but Danny says that he doesn’t know anything.  Kyle then announces that since Danny is a minor and his mother is being held in police custody, Danny will be staying at the Mastersons’ house.

While Danny packs his bag for a vacation that no one would ever want to take, he and Lacey discuss the recent turn of events.  Lacey suggests telling Kyle what they know about the letter to Regina and the apartment, even though it was her idea to hide it from him in the first place.  Danny feels strange about staying with a police officer who suspects him for murder, but agrees that they should tell him what they know.  Danny and Lacey discuss the possibility of Karen really being guilty.

Lacey points out that it’s going to be difficult for them to hide their secret relationship while Danny is staying at the Mastersons’ house.  Danny tries to convince Lacey that they should just tell Jo the truth, but Lacey dismisses this idea once again.  

The next scene takes place in the Mastersons’ kitchen.  The three musketeers are sitting with Kyle and coming clean about the money that was sent to Regina and what they know about it.  Tess listens in on the conversation and refuses to believe that Karen would do any of this.  One last emphasis on Kyle’s proximity to this case: he is currently sitting at the same table where he will be eating dinner later, with someone he suspects of murder, going over evidence regarding said murder case.  Kyle is unhappy that Jo, Lacey, and Danny kept this information a secret from him.  When Lacey takes the blame, Jo defends her.  

While it’s obvious that Kyle isn’t about to arrest his daughter and her two close friends, they should still feel guilty, because they ARE guilty of: 

Broken Law # 5 Alert! (Episode 1×09)

New York Penal – Article 215 – § 215.40 Tampering With Physical Evidence (in relevant part)

“A person is guilty of tampering with physical evidence when:… 2. Believing that certain physical evidence is about to be produced or used in an official proceeding or a prospective official proceeding, and intending to prevent such production or use, he suppresses it by any act 
of concealment, alteration or destruction, or by employing force,  intimidation or deception against any person…”

Grading: “Tampering with physical evidence is a class E felony.”

Luckily for the three of them, Kyle is a lot more concerned with solving this murder case than their pesky tampering with evidence.  

To ease the tension in the room, Tess changes the subject by telling Danny that she’s setting up an air mattress for him.  Kyle quickly reminds Danny that this situation is only temporary and that if Karen is charged with murder, Danny is legally required to live with his next of kin, his grandmother in Arizona.  

The following day, Danny goes to visit his mother again.  This time, he has another reason that he wants Karen to retract her confession; she just told him yesterday that she wants him to be happy and he will not be happy if he has to move to Arizona.  Karen responds that Arizona is better than prison; she’s convinced however that no matter what she does, Chief Masterson will go after Danny.  Danny informs her that there is new evidence in the case that could prevent that from happening, and maybe neither of them will wind up in an orange jumpsuit.  

Kyle walks in, interrupting Karen and Danny’s mother-son bonding, armed with the new evidence.   When Danny leaves the room, Kyle wants to discuss the new evidence with Karen immediately.  He catches Karen up on what he has learned about a connection between Vikram and Regina.  He talks about the apartment in Connecticut, and Karen does not appear to know about it.  She claims that Vikram never went to Connecticut.  Kyle informs Karen that while he has no idea who sent Regina the note, he does not believe that Karen sent it.  Karen maintains that whether or not she sent the note, she is the one who killed Regina.  Kyle, now clearly frustrated, explains to Karen that he wants to solve this, but he can’t proceed his investigation unless she retracts her confession.

Meanwhile, Jo is sitting with Rico in the diner, a pleasant change of scenery from the police station.  She’s updating him on the recent events, and Rico is overwhelmed.  Can’t they just go back to doing their physics homework?  Rico accidentally blurts out what he had already known about Karen throwing the necklace in the lake.  He tells Jo that when he saw her do that, he was sure that it was because she was covering for Danny, not because she herself had murdered Regina.  Rico quickly attempts to distract Jo from noticing his slip-up, but his awkward banter about necklaces being shiny and pretty does not work.  Jo demands to know exactly what Rico meant.  Rico finally comes clean about seeing Karen throw the necklace and telling Chief Masterson about it.  Rico attempts to console Jo, but she remains upset about the possibility of Danny moving to Arizona.

Meanwhile, Lacey walks into her house and is surprised to see her father there; he got there earlier than expected.  Mr. Porter makes a bitter remark about Lacey’s younger sister, Clara, being at gymnastics.  Apparently he does not approve of her coach.  As if Lacey needs more tension in her life, her parents are now arguing about how rarely her father visits the family.  This argument is tame compared to everything else that is happening, but Lacey still does not want to deal with it.  When her father mentions Danny, Lacey refuses to discuss him. 

Kyle is back at his second home, the police station.  He is speaking with the other officer from earlier in the episode, Eddie.  Kyle continues to insist that Eddie dig for as much information as possible about Vikram and their newfound evidence; he clearly is stalling because he doesn’t want to call the DA and arrest Karen.  He’s not buying one word of her confession, and he’s already commented previously about Karen’s bad poker face; he’s not changing his mind any time soon.  

In the woods at night (AGAIN, guys?!  Nothing good ever happens in the woods at night.  Say it 3 times fast.) Jo fills Danny and Lacey in on what she just learned from Rico about the necklace.  Never before has a television show made a piece of jewelry so terrifying.  Danny needs some alone time to continue to lie to the girls about what HE knows about the necklace.  When Danny leaves, Lacey changes the topic of conversation to her sister’s 13th birthday party; it’s tomorrow, and it’s one shindig that Lacey does not want to attend.  We find out that Lacey has always blamed herself for her parents’ divorce.  Lacey is currently juggling a ton of parental problems; with her dad back, her parents are constantly fighting, her secret boyfriend’s mother might have murdered Lacey’s best friend, and his dead father might be alive.  That’s an extraordinary amount of drama for a high school girl to have in her life.  Jo offers to go to the birthday party with Lacey for moral support.  Lacey accepts Jo’s offer. 

The following morning, murder suspect, Danny Desai greets the sherif who has been investigating him, Kyle, in the Mastersons’ kitchen.  This situation is clearly 100% normal.  Danny asks Kyle if he has any new information regarding the money that was sent to Regina, then he reveals that he knows about Rico seeing his mother throw this disaster of a necklace in the lake.  When Kyle tells Danny that his mother said that she took the necklace from Regina, Danny immediately insists that she’s lying.  He admits to Kyle, a secret that he has been keeping for a long time, that Karen took the necklace from Danny.  While Karen is likely doing all of this as a noble effort to be a better mother to Danny, she unfortunately is not  being a law abiding citizen in the process.  

Danny has just confirmed that Karen took that necklace, attempted to dispose of it, and lied about where she found it all for the purpose of protecting her son from being blamed for a murder.  She wouldn’t be doing this if, as Danny has pointed out previously, she did not believe that Danny was guilty of the crime.  If Karen didn’t murder Regina (which Danny’s admission proves), then she has managed to commit a crime in the process of confessing to a crime that she did NOT commit.  If that sounds confusing to you, don’t forget the title of this show.

Broken Law # 6 Alert! (1×09) 

New York Penal- Article 205- § 205.50 Hindering prosecution; definition of term. (in relevant part)

“As used in sections 205.55, 205.60 and 205.65, a person “renders criminal assistance” when, with intent to prevent, hinder or delay the discovery or apprehension of, or the lodging of a criminal charge against, a person who he knows or believes has committed a crime or is being sought by law enforcement officials for the commission of a crime,… he…

…4. Prevents or obstructs, by means of… deception, anyone from performing an act which might aid in the discovery or apprehension of such person… ; or 

  5. Suppresses, by any act of concealment, alteration or destruction, any physical evidence which might aid in the discovery or apprehension…”

The degree of hindering prosecution depends on the degree of the underlying crime for which the person (here Karen) is “rendering criminal assistance.”

New York Penal- Article 205-  § 205.65 Hindering prosecution in the first degree.

“A person is guilty of hindering prosecution in the first degree when he renders criminal assistance to a person who has committed a class A felony, knowing or believing that such person has engaged in conduct constituting a class A felony.”

Grading: “Hindering prosecution in the first degree is a class D felony.”


Under the presumption that Karen is lying because she believes that Danny is guilty of murdering Regina, she would be guilty of hindering prosecution in the first degree, because both, first and second degree murders are class A felonies. 


Legal Note # 5: First Degree Murder vs Second Degree Murder

In legal note/broken law # 1 of my entry on the pilot episode of Twisted, we briefly discussed first degree murder in explaining why Danny’s alleged murder of his Aunt Tara was likely second degree murder.  Then we discussed second degree murder at length.  

Regardless of which degree of murder Danny would convicted of if he killed Regina, Karen would be guilty of the same crime. However, I wanted to briefly note the possibility of Danny being charged with first degree murder for Regian’s death.  As discussed in my entry on the pilot, first degree murder requires certain enumerated factors that make the offense worse than a second degree murder.  One of these enumerated factors could be applied to Danny.

New York Penal- Article 125- § 125.27 Murder in the first degree (in relevant part)

“A person is guilty of murder in the first degree when: 1. With intent to cause the death of another person, he causes the death of such person or of a third person; and…
…(ix) prior to committing the killing, the defendant had been convicted of murder…”

Moving on.  Danny and Kyle discuss this new information about this necklace that must be driving everybody insane at this point.  Danny explains that he had hidden the necklace in the chair in his living room, then proceeds to make a snarky remark about the police officers’ poor performance in raiding his house and failing to discover the necklace.  Somehow, this conversation goes from Kyle not believing Danny at all, to the two of them teaming up to find proof that Karen did not murder Regina.  A murder suspect working with the man who suspected him the most certainly makes a dynamic duo.  They come up with a plan to search Karen’s computer in attempt to prove that she was home, shopping online at the time Regina was killed.  All they need is Mona Vanderwaal and Caleb Rivers from Pretty Little Liars to take a field trip out of Rosewood and into Green Grove and this will be a done deal.  

Meanwhile, Tess is at the police station visiting Karen.  Tess still does not believe that Karen is a killer, and she tells her this.  She brings up the idea of Karen doing this to be a good mother and protect Danny, and we’re led to a flashback.  

In the flashback, a 10-year-old Danny interrupts a conversation between Tess and Karen.  He talks about some rocket ship mumbo jumbo that Karen does not understand and does not want to understand.  High-tech toys are Vikram’s territory, Karen explains to Tess while Danny is still in the room.  Karen continues to ramble about how she wishes she had a daughter because “girl stuff is more fun.”  She likes makeup better than rocket ships and remote control cars.  Tess berates her for making this comment.

In real time, Tess attempts to comfort Karen and assures her that Danny likely didn’t even notice her incredibly rude comment.  However, Karen is certain that he noticed.  

While Kyle and Danny are planning their computer searching adventure and Karen and Tess are talking in a police station, it’s party time for Jo and Lacey.  They’re at Lacey’s sister, Clara’s birthday party.  Lacey’s mother is thrilled to see Jo, which means that Jo’s plan to provide Lacey moral support is working.  Jo is also greeted by Clara’s gymnastics coach, followed by Lacey’s father, Samuel.  Samuel is happy to see Jo, and for a split second it’s all about hugs and smiles.  Then the tension comes back as Samuel makes a rude remark to Clara’s gymnastics coach.  This angers both Lacey and her mother.

Jo remembers her role at the party and changes the subject to some party that the Porter family hosted a million years ago, before all of this murder nonsense.  Everyone is laughing again and Lacey is impressed by Jo’s ability to charm her parents.  Lacey goes to call Danny, but he hits the ignore button on his secret lover.  

Danny is too busy with his new BFF, Kyle.  Kyle and Danny look at Karen’s computer to find evidence that she was home when Regina died.  Kyle notices and points out that Karen has a picture of Vikram as the wallpaper on her computer and that she still wears her wedding ring.  Danny comments that he thinks Karen still hopes Vikram is alive.  Danny reveals a hint of bitterness when he remarks that both Kyle and Karen think that he’s guilty.  He finds nothing on Karen’s computer, until Kyle suggests searching the trash bin.  

What Danny finds in there certainly constitutes disgusting trash.  There’s a folder in the trash bin labeled “pictures for Karen.”  In it, Danny and Kyle are shocked to find a bunch of lewd pictures of Danny’s high school principal.  They’re inappropriate and disgusting; we all saw them, and as the old saying goes, “a picture is worth a thousand words.”  I don’t need to add any more to that.  

Meanwhile, at the party, Jo is helping Lacey with party duties, and one of them leads her to the pantry to get napkins for Lacey.  Jo finds more than napkins in there; she sees Lacey’s father kissing the (male) gymnastics coach to whom he was making all of those snide remarks earlier.  Lacey’s dad asks to speak with Jo alone.  When Jo asks him if this had been going on while he was married to Lacey’s mother, his silence makes the answer obvious.

Broken Law # 7 Alert!

SEE LEGAL NOTE # 1 OF THIS ENTRY ON ADULTERY. 

Samuel wants Jo to keep what she just learned a secret from Lacey and her mother.  Jo does not like this idea but she reluctantly agrees to it.  

Meanwhile, Kyle and Danny have a very short, awkward conversation about Danny not knowing about any relationship between his mother and his school principal.  They immediately decide to sop talking about this.  Then, we’re led back to Karen, who is still thinking about her behavior during Danny’s childhood.  We are taken to another flashback.

In this flashback, Karen attempts to apologize for the remark she had made about wanting a daughter.  She claims that she didn’t mean it, but Danny loudly responds that he knows that she did mean what she said and that Karen doesn’t want him and never loved him.  

No wonder Karen feels so bad now!  In real time, Tess has returned to the holding room with food that she brought for Karen.  Tess begs Karen to reconsider what she’s doing, but Karen adamantly refuses.

Danny requests a meeting with Principal Tang, and they meet at the school, DURING THE WEEKEND, as the principal is sure to point out.  As if that’s the biggest problem here.  Danny threatens to ruin the Principal Tang’s family life by revealing how much of a pervert he is.  Danny explains that he found the grotesque photo album on Karen’s computer, but that Principal Tang should keep his ego in check, because the photos were in the trash bin.  

Danny wants to make a deal with Principal Tang; Danny will not tell anybody about the pictures if Principal Tang will tell the police that he was with Karen on the night of Regina’s murder.  Now, the tables have turned, and Danny is trying to be a good son to Karen and breaking the law in the process.

Broken Law #8 and # 9 Alert! 

 New York Penal – Article 135 – § 135.60 Coercion in the Second Degree (in relevant part)


 “A person  is  guilty  of coercion in the second degree when he or she compels or induces a person to engage in conduct which the latter has a legal  right to abstain from engaging in, or to abstain from engaging in conduct in which he or she has a legal right to engage…by means of instilling in him or her a fear that, if the demand is not complied with, the actor or another will:… 

…4. Accuse some person of a crime or cause criminal charges to be instituted against him or her; or
 5.  Expose a secret or publicize an asserted fact, whether true or false, tending to subject some person to hatred, contempt or ridicule;”

 Grading: “Coercion in the second degree is a class A misdemeanor.”


Come on, Danny; that’s a rookie error!

The principal shoots back with his own threat.  He informs Danny that he is the reason that Danny was able to come back to Green Grove High School after his time in juvie.  He further explains that he is the reason that Danny was not expelled for his fight with Archie, and more importantly, for the rumors going around that Danny poisoned his soccer teammate, Cole Ferrell.  He promises that he will continue to make sure Danny can stay in school in exchange for Danny’s secrecy regarding the disturbing pictures.

This conversation makes Danny guilty of coercion because of of subsection 5, and the principal guilty because of subsection 4.  

While he was threatening Danny, the principal also admitted to other behavior that would be frowned upon by New York law, when he mentioned Danny’s teammate getting poisoned.  This happened in episode 1×07, “We Need to Talk About Danny.

***********************************************************************

In episode 1×07, Danny was forced to leave the soccer team due to rumors that he had poisoned his friend and teammate, Cole Ferrell.  Danny’s coaches allowed him to claim that he was leaving the team for “personal reasons,” and kept quiet about the accusations.

It is fairly obvious that Danny was framed for poisoning Cole, and that the real culprit behind the mothball stunt is Lacey’s ex-boyfriend, Archie.  Either way, a student at the school is guilty of:

Broken Law # 10 Alert!

New York Penal- Article 120- § 120.05 Assault in the second degree (in relevant part)

 “A person is guilty of assault in the second degree when:…  5. For a purpose other than lawful medical or  therapeutic treatment, he intentionally causes… physical impairment or injury to another person by administering to him, without his consent, a drug, substance or preparation capable of producing the same;…”

Grading: Assault in the second degree is a class D felony.

That’s right, boys.  This is more than just a little locker room prank.  AND, the coaches and principal of the school know about this and aren’t reporting it to authorities.  That doesn’t sound right at all, because it’s not. :


Broken Law # 11 Alert! 

New York Penal – Article 105 – § 105.00 Conspiracy in the Sixth Degree 

“A person is guilty of conspiracy in the fifth degree when, with intent 


that conduct constituting a crime be performed, he agrees with one or more persons to engage in or cause the performance of such conduct.”

Grading: “Conspiracy in the sixth degree is a class B misdemeanor.”

Danny’s soccer coaches and the principal could be found guilty of conspiracy for agreeing to commit the same crime that Karen did in broken law # 6 alert of this entry, hindering prosecution.  And since they currently ARE covering up the fact that Cole was assaulted, they are guilty of: 

Broken Law # 12 Alert! 

New York Penal- Article 205- § Hindering prosecution in the third degree.

“A person is guilty of hindering prosecution in the third degree when he renders criminal assistance to a person who has committed a felony.”

Grading: “Hindering prosecution in the third degree is a class A misdemeanor.”

The reason they would get third degree, while Karen got 1st degree, is because Assault in the 2nd degree is not a class A felony like murder. 

*************************************************************************

Back here in episode 1×09, Jo and Lacey are still at the party, but Jo is no longer having fun.  She’s harboring a secret about Lacey’s father, meanwhile Lacey is incredibly happy because her family has finally stopped fighting.  Lacey almost reveals her secret relationship with Danny to Jo, but before she can, Jo blurts out, “Your dad is gay!”  Unlike Danny and Lacey, Jo does not think that it’s right to keep secrets from friends.  Jo tells Lacey what she saw in the pantry and Lacey gets up and walks away.

Danny is still at the high school, shocked at how his meeting with the principal went.  He runs into Rico, who is at school on a Sunday for Mathlete practice.  In typical Rico fashion, he attempts to talk up Arizona so that Danny doesn’t feel so bad about possibly having to move there.  He mentions the “cool, sharp, pointy” cacti that can be found in Arizona.  Danny appreciates the gesture.  He tells Rico that he knows about Rico seeing the necklace incident and telling Chief Masterson about it.

They proceed to have an entertaining conversation, during which Rico starts to reveal what his first thought was when he saw Karen throw the necklace of doom.  When Danny guesses that the thought was “holy crap,” Rico corrects himself and reveals his SECOND thought, that Karen must love Danny a lot if she was willing to break the law to protect him.  Rico also makes Danny promise not to tell Jo about his behavior after drinking Karen’s wine – admitting (in episode 1×08) that he has romantic feelings for Jo.  

Back at the birthday party, Lacey confronts her father about being gay.  He attempts to convince Lacey that Jo lied, but this fails immediately.  Lacey forces her father to talk to her mom.  

While Lacey’s father is at his ex wife’s house, coming out of the closet, Jo’s father is at the police station again.  He should seriously be paying rent; he lives there.  Eddie is filling him in on the trip that he took to Connecticut to investigate their new evidence.  He informs Kyle that Vikram had been paying rent for the apartment from a business account, a company that nobody knew about.  Eddie also reveals that $2000 (the exact amount of money that was sent to Regina) was withdrawn from the business account two days before Regina Crane was murdered. 

Kyle still doesn’t think Karen had anything to do with it; he suggests that Vikram might have sent the money on his own.  After all, his body was never found, because nobody dies without some sort of mystery on ABC Family.  Eddie and Kyle agree that they need time to investigate this further, time that they will not have if they’re forced to charge Karen the next day.

Danny walks in and asks if he can have one more chance to convince Karen to retract her confession.  He approaches his mother and tells her that he knows everything that happened between her and Principal Tang.  He tells Karen that she is a good mother and that he knows that she loves him.  He begs her to retract the confession because he needs her in his life.  

Karen retracts the confession and is released from police custody.  Kyle and Danny discuss the fact that Kyle still has a murder to solve.  Kyle tells Danny that he needs to tell Jo and Lacey the truth about the necklace; he believes that Danny owes his friends that much.  He also tells Danny to stop tampering with evidence so he doesn’t get sent back to juvie.  

Jo and Lacey are still at the party, and Lacey appreciates that Jo was honest with her, even though the information she just found out about her father is shocking.  Both girls get a text message from Danny; he needs to talk to them.  

Kyle is still at the police station looking up Vikram’s secret business.  The logo for this mysterious company happens to look exactly like our favorite, enigmatic necklace.  Meanwhile, Tess and Karen are back at the Desai household, where Tess is making Karen some vodka.  This leads to another flashback.

In this flashback, we learn that contrary to what Karen said before, Vikram had in fact gone to Connecticut, and each time he went there, Karen lied for him and said that he was away on business in Manhattan.  

In present time, the girls meet with Danny to see what he wants.  He tells them the truth; that Karen got the necklace from HIM.  Lacey is furious and screams that she does not believe a word that he’s saying.  She storms off after saying “We’re done!” to Danny.  That was a short relationship!  Danny begs Jo to stay and listen to him, but she walks away with Lacey.  Neither of them believe Danny’s story about the necklace being left in his locker at school.

At the end of the episode, Rico is in the diner on his laptop.  He’s sitting there, minding his own business, when he receives an email that has a video attached to it.  The video is the one that a mystery person wearing a Danny mask took of Danny and Lacey making out (in episode 1×08).  Rico seems thrilled to know yet another secret that would devastate Jo.  We have no idea who the person in the Danny mask is, and at this point, it would not surprise me if “A” from Pretty Little Liars drove the RV to Green Grove and decided to wreak havoc on another ABC Family show.  We’ll see what happens in the next episode!  

The Guilty Girl’s Handbook: Because the Pretty Little Liars Need to Learn MORE About Guilt (PLL Episode 4×08 recap + broken laws)

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** In addition to recapping episode 4×08, this entry also contains comments about Episodes 4×05 (“Gamma Zeta Die!”) 4×06 (“Under The Gun”) & 4×07 (“Crash And Burn, Girl.”)  This entry will discuss legal notes and broken laws from these prior episodes that are relevant to 4×08.  This took a tremendous amount of work and research, so thank you so much for being patient!

“The Guilty Girl’s Handbook” (episode 4×08) begins at the motel where Emily and Pam are temporarily living because “A”/ Red Coat/ Black Veil/ Creepy Mask, whatever we’re calling the current villain, turned the Fields’ living room into a crash garage in “Crash and Burn, Girl” (episode 4×07).  Pam is on the phone demanding action and answers; apparently it took a car barreling into her house to realize that her daughter might be in danger. But, even if Emily is getting harassed, Pam still wants her to go to her meeting with Ezra to discuss college applications.  She still has a chance at making it to college alive… Right?


Meanwhile, the other girls are at Hanna’s house, where Aria briefly wonders if the car wound up in Emily’s house by accident.  That would make perfect sense; perhaps all of these incidents have just been a giant coincidence.  Maybe “A” never existed.  Or maybe a crazy person just destroyed Emily’s house and has successfully framed Hanna’s mother for murder.


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 In episode 4×06, Ashley Marin was arrested for murdering detective Wilden.  Before her arrest, she had finally admitted that she stole Hanna’s father’s gun, believing that she needed it for protection against Wilden.  That shoots us to :

Broken Law # 1 Alert! (Episode 4×05 and (4×06)


Grading of theft offenses – 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3903 (in relevant part) 
“(a)  Felony of the second degree.–Theft constitutes a felony of the second degree if: … (2)  The property stolen is a firearm.”

Note that Ashley and Hanna are both guilty of this; Ashley initially stole the gun from Tom, then Hanna stole the gun from Ashley’s bag in episode 4×05, when she stole the gun from her mother’s bag, brought it to a sorority party, and tried to bury it.

Broken Law # 2 Alert! (Episode 4×05)


As we discussed in my entry on episode 4×01 (“A is for Alive”), it is against the law to tamper with evidence.  I would say that Hanna’s burying of a gun believed to be used in a murder definitely counts!

18 Pa.C.S. § 4910.  Tampering with or fabricating physical evidence (in relevant part).
“A person commits a misdemeanor of the second degree if, believing that an official proceeding or investigation is  pending or about to be instituted, he: (1)  alters, destroys, conceals or removes any record, document or thing with intent to impair its verity or availability in such proceeding or investigation”

Instead of successfully burying the gun (which is a TERRIBLE IDEA), Hanna buried herself deeper into this mess of broken laws.


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 Back here in 4×08, Aria, Hanna, and Spencer are waiting for Spencer’s mother to come update them on the arraignment; she is representing Hanna’s mother in this nightmare of a trial. Unfortunately, when Veronica Hastings arrives, she doesn’t have the good news that the girls were expecting.  Instead, she informs them that while they entered a plea of not guilty (Ashley is being charged with first degree murder of a police officer), she has been refused bail, and she is being transferred to a different prison.  Hanna storms off, screaming at Mrs. Hastings for not being a magician and making this disappear.

Legal Note # 1: 


While Ashley is still in prison and has not yet had her trial, we do know the crime she has been accused of committing and the defense methods that Spencer’s mother wanted to use as of episode 4×07.  Ashley is being accused of First Degree Murder of a Law Enforcement Officer.  First, we’ll explore the requirements for first degree murder, then we’ll discuss the increase in severity of the potential sentence because of Wilden’s status as a law enforcement officer. 

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 2507.  Criminal homicide of law enforcement officer.(a)  Murder of a law enforcement officer of the first degree.–A person commits murder of a law enforcement officer of the first degree who intentionally kills a law enforcement officer while in the performance of duty knowing the victim is a law enforcement officer.

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 2502(d) “Definitions.–As used in this section the following words and phrases shall have the meanings given to them in this subsection:… ‘Intentional killing.’ Killing by means of poison, or by lying in wait, or by any other kind of willful, deliberate and premeditated killing.”

Since Spencer’s mother confirmed that Ashley is being charged with first degree murder, and we know that Wilden was shot twice, the relevant grounds for the “intentional killing” requirement are likely “any other kind of willful, deliberate and premeditated killing.”  

Sentencing for First Degree Murder of a Law Enforcement Officer:  
“…A person who has been convicted of a murder of the first degree or of murder of a law enforcement officer of the first degree shall be sentenced to death or to a term of life imprisonment in accordance with 42 Pa.C.S. § 9711 (relating to sentencing procedure for murder of the first degree).” 

Legal Note # 2: The Self Defense Issue


Spencer mentions to Hanna that if they can prove self defense, the charge could be lowered to manslaughter.  The issue with that is that it is incredibly difficult to successfully prove self defense against a police officer.  There are limitations to the justification of the use of force to protect oneself, and Ashley would have a difficult time proving some of them. 

If Ashley wanted to prove self defense to justify murdering Wilden (if she were to choose to plead guilty and then raise self defense), one of the stipulations is that she could NOT have been engaged in criminal activity and she could not be in illegal possession of a firearm.  Ashley stole Tom’s gun, which would rule out that option.   

 paraphrased 

Legal Note # 3: The Manslaughter Issue 


The fact that Ashley took the gun in advance could also present a problem with lowering the charge to manslaughter, if that is what she wanted to do.

First of all, while Spencer sued the term “voluntary manslaughter,” when it comes to the killing of a law enforcement officer in Pennsylvania, the more applicable manslaughter statutes to this situation are: Manslaughter of a law enforcement officer in the first degree or second degree. 


(c)  Manslaughter of a law enforcement officer in the first degree. – 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 2507 
“A person commits a felony in the first degree who does any of the following:

(1)  Without lawful justification kills a law enforcement officer while in the performance of duty and with knowledge that the victim was a law enforcement officer, if at the time of the killing:
(i)  the person is acting under a sudden and intense passion resulting from serious provocation by the victim killed; or
(ii)  the person is acting under a sudden and intense passion resulting from serious provocation by another individual whom the actor endeavors to kill, but the person negligently or accidentally causes the death of the victim.
(2)  Intentionally or knowingly kills a law enforcement officer while in the performance of duty and with knowledge that the victim was a law enforcement officer, if at the time of the killing the person believes the circumstances to be such that, if they existed, would justify the killing under Chapter 5 (relating to general principles of justification), but his belief is unreasonable.”


It’s very unlikely that Ashley would be able to prove the sudden and intense passion required by subsection (1), because she got the gun from Tom’s house in advance, which suggests that she had time to think about what could happen that night.  Ashley was expecting some sort of provocation from Wilden, which would mean that if he provoked her, it would be difficult to prove that it was a “sudden” provocation.

However, it IS POSSIBLE that she could prove that she unreasonably believed that she was justified to use such force against Wilden, as required in section (2), but that’s a decision for a jury to make, and her sentencing would still not be ideal, nor would the sentencing for manslaughter of a law enforcement officer in the second degree.  Additionally, she would have to prove that Wilden was threatening her, and she’d have to disclose a lot of damning information about herself in order to do that. 
(d) Manslaughter of a law enforcement officer in the second degree 

“A person commits a felony of the second degree who, as a direct result of the doing of an unlawful or lawful act in a reckless or grossly negligent manner, causes the death of a law enforcement officer while in the performance of duty and the person knew or should have known the victim was a law enforcement officer.”

Spencer accurately explained to Hanna that if Ashley were to get charged with manslaughter, that would still have a 20 year minimum sentence.  

Hanna better hope that Ashley is being honest that she did NOT kill Wilden, and that somehow she can prove it!  Ashley needs a miracle; maybe her suddenly-missing-in-action Pastor boyfriend can call in a favor!

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Ok, back to the show!  Spencer leaves to go to school; Hanna is shockingly ditching again.  She believes that she should be the one in jail instead of her mother.  Hanna is also ignoring Caleb’s phone calls, which is unfortunate, since he is probably the most intelligent person on this show.  She is still freaking out about what Lieutenant Tanner told her in the previous episode, that she could possibly get arrested for possession of a concealed weapon and spend 7 years in prison.

Legal Note # 4: Possession of a Concealed Weapon

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 6106: Firearms not to be carried without a license.
“(a)  Offense defined.–
(1)  Except as provided in paragraph (2), any person who carries a firearm in any vehicle or any person who carries a firearm concealed on or about his person, except in his place of abode or fixed place of business, without a valid and lawfully issued license under this chapter commits a felony of the third degree.”

In Pennsylvania, felonies of the third degree are punishable by up to 7 years in prison and a fine for up to $15,000.  Lieutenant Tanner’s information was accurate, except for one detail: Hanna is a minor.

paraphrased

In Pennsylvania, one cannot obtain the license mentioned in the above law until they have reached age 21.  It is more likely that Hanna would be charged with:

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 6110.1: Possession of Firearm by Minor (in relevant part)

“(a) Firearm…. a person under 18 years of age shall not possess or transport a firearm anywhere in this Commonwealth.” 
“(d) Forfeiture.–Any firearm in the possession of a person under 18 years of age in violation of this section shall be promptly seized by the arresting law enforcement officer and upon conviction or adjudication of delinquency shall be forfeited or, if stolen, returned to the lawful owner.”

Back in 4×08, outside of the school, Mike approaches Aria and has an awkward conversation with her about his plans for later that night with his lacrosse teammates.  He’s acting incredibly strange as if his lacrosse club has formed their own version of “Fight Club,” and Aria is suspicious. Aria learns that Mike is taking a martial arts class with Jake.  In school, Emily has a meeting with Ezra about college applications.  Ezra suspects that something “A” related might be going on again and he asks Emily.  She denies it and insists that somebody just accidentally drove straight into her house, because things like that just happen all of the time.

Meanwhile, Spencer sees Caleb in the hallway, and he brings her up to speed on the status of his Hardy Boys adventure with Toby (from episode 4×07).

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 In 4×07,  Caleb and Toby investigated a guy named Nigel who they believe was the pilot who flew RedCoat to Rosewood so that she could set all of them on fire.  They approached him to find out information about RecCoat’s flight, and Caleb offered Nigel money in exchange for it.  Caleb and Toby are really working hard to find the person who is tormenting the girls.  Their chart is more organized than the one that the police officers created.  Unfortunately, not everything they’ve been doing is legal.

Broken Law # 3 Alert! (Episode 4×07)


18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 4108.  Commercial bribery and breach of duty to act disinterestedly (in relevant part).
“(a)  Corrupt employee, agent or fiduciary.–An employee, agent or fiduciary  commits a misdemeanor of the second degre when, without the consent of his  employer or principal, he solicits, accepts, or agrees to accept any benefit from another person upon agreement or understanding that such benefit will influence his conduct in relation to the affairs of his employer or principal….
 (c)  Solicitation.–A person commits a misdemeanor of the second degree if he     confers, or offers or agrees to confer, any benefit the acceptance of which would  be criminal under subsection[s] (a)…” 

Nigel would be guilty of subsection (a) and Caleb and Toby would be guilty of subsection (C) for solicitation, since the paid him to give them confidential information.
Also in 4×07, when Caleb and Toby discovered that Nigel had lied to them, they confronted Nigel in a rather aggressive manner. 

Legal Note On Assault:


 Some might argue that the behavior could amount to assault, but the force each one of them used was relatively equal, so if any of them got arrested for assault, the other person would get off for self defense with the justification of reasonable force. 

However, during the altercation, Caleb wound up in possession of Nigel’s cell phone, which he and Toby took to use it for their investigation.  The Pretty Little Liars & Co absolutely LOVE stealing, so we’re all probably getting familiar with this one, but it is not legal for Caleb to steal Nigel’s cell phone.  

Broken Law # 4 Alert! (Episode 4×07)


Grading of theft offenses – 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3903 (in relevant part)

“(b)  Other grades.–Theft not within subsection (a) or (a.1) of this section, constitutes a misdemeanor of the first degree, except that if the property was not taken from the person or by
threat, or in breach of fiduciary obligation, and:
 (1)  the amount involved was $50 or more but less than $200 the offense constitutes a misdemeanor of the second  degree; or
  (2)  the amount involved was less than $50 the offense constitutes a misdemeanor of the third degree.”

Since Caleb got the cell phone as a result of the physical altercation with Nigel, and the phone was on him, I’d usually say that this would qualify as the property 
being “taken from his person,” but theft offenses require intent, and at the time  of the physical altercation, it could be argued that Caleb didn’t have the intent to steal anything.  

However, when Caleb realized he had the phone, his conduct and Toby’s conduct still amounted to enough to amount to the “threat” requirement.  In my opinion, that would be enough for them to get the misdemeanor in the first degree charge, but I  included the 2nd and 3rd degree charges just in case.  I highly doubt the phone cost less than $50, but I figured I’d provide the information. 

BOTH Toby and Caleb would be guilty of both, the bribery and the theft.

Liability for conduct of another; complicity – 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 306 (in relevant part)
“(b)  Conduct of another.–A person is legally accountable for  the conduct of another person when: 
(3)  he is an accomplice of such other person in the commission of the offense.
(c)  Accomplice defined.–A person is an accomplice of another person in the commission of an offense if:
 (1)  with the intent of promoting or facilitating the commission of the offense, he:
 (i)  solicits such other person to commit it; or
 (ii)  aids or agrees or attempts to aid such other
 person in planning or committing it.”
  
Caleb and Toby come off as such bad boys, yet their criminal behavior is tame at best when compared to that of their girlfriends!

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Back here in good old episode 4×08, Caleb explains to Spencer that he traced the number that they have presumed is RedCoat’s number (Nigel called it on the night of the fire) and it led to 3 different people, all in New York.  He tells her that Toby is currently in New York trying to find out more information and perhaps even verify that the person Nigel called is CeCe Drake, which Nigel claimed in the previous episode.  Since Nigel said it was CeCe Drake, usually in Rosewood, that would mean “it is not CeCe Drake,” but we’ll see what Toby finds out!

Next, Ashley calls Hanna from jail.  They discuss the fact that Ashley was denied bail and that she’s being moved to the state prison facility.  This is not exactly like the “eat pray love moments” that they used to have back in the day. 

 When Hanna gets off of the phone, we learn that she’s not alone at her house; her old BFF Mona is there with her.  Mona is there helping Hanna plan her confession to a murder that she didn’t commit; Hanna wants to take the blame so that her mother can get out of jail.  Sounds intelligent to me!  Hanna theorizes that if she takes the blame, her sentence will be less harsh than the one her mother would get.  While this is accurate, what Hanna is planning to do is ALSO a felony (to be discussed later in this entry) and Hanna’s sentence if she were convicted of Wilden’s murder would still be terrible. 

Legal Note # 5: Sentencing of a Minor for First Degree Murder of a Law Enforcement Officer:



“18 Pa. Cons. Stat.§ 1102.1.  Sentence of persons under the age of 18 for murder… of a law Enforcement Officer”
“(a)  First degree murder.–A person who has been convicted after June 24, 2012, of… murder of a law enforcement officer of the first degree (1)  A person who at the time of the commission of the offense was 15 years of age or older shall be sentenced to a term of life imprisonment without parole, or a term of imprisonment, the minimum of which shall be at least 35 years to life.”

Unless Hanna can prove the requirements to lower the charge to manslaughter of a law enforcement officer, that’s at the very least 35 to life, and Hanna really does not seem like the type of girl who would enjoy it in prison!  She hated that orange jumpsuit she had to wear when her biggest worry was being accused of tampering with evidence of a different murder.

In order to pull off this ridiculous mistake that Hanna is calling a “plan,” Hanna knows that she needs help from the one person in her life who lies the most, and she explains that Mona lives in a lie.  Hanna and Mona go over a game plan for Hanna’s “confession,” and Mona is frustrated because Hanna isn’t making her story convincing enough.  She wants every last detail about how Hanna “killed Wilden.”  An exasperated Mona screams “You can’t just keep repeating ‘I did it, I did it!'”

Mona demands that Hanna come up with a motive immediately.  Hanna decides that her motive in this fake murder was that Detective Wilden was threatening Hanna because she had spread a rumor that he got Alison pregnant and she thinks he may have killed her.  Mona’s slowly starting to approve of Hanna’s lying skills, but Hanna will never be up to par with the omnipresent, all knowing, Mona Vanderwaal. 

Legal Note # 6: The Second Manslaughter Issue


See legal note # 3 for the discussion of manslaughter of a law enforcement officer.  
This is the only part of Hanna’s plan that indicates that she may have used an inkling of “logic” when deciding to take the blame to exonerate her mother.  While as stated above, it is highly unlikely that ASHLEY would be able to prove the SUDDEN intense passion requirement due to her intent, the same might not be true for Hanna.  This also depends on how Hanna explains her decision to carry a gun around town. 

Additionally, it’s more likely that Hanna would be able to prove that she unreasonably believed that she could use deadly force against Wilden under the circumstances.  Her fake motive for killing Wilden and fake basis for Wilden threatening her is less incriminating than anything her mother would be able to use to defend herself.  Hanna might just get lucky enough to stand a chance at “only” having to spend 20 years in prison.

Hanna’s plan will be discussed further later in this entry

Spencer heads home to check on Hanna, since she is unaware that Hanna is planning to move out of Rosewood and into prison.  At home, Spencer is surprised to find a random man going through boxes of legal documents.  With all of the dangerous activity that occurs in this town, one would think that Spencer’s mother would have told her that she hired an intern (his name is Beckett) and his office is apparently in the Hastings’ house.  It turns out, the boxes are filled with files on Ashley Marin’s case, and some of them include information about Wilden.  Of course, Spencer immediately steals one of the files about Wilden from a box, which brings us to:

Broken Law # 5 Alert!


18 Pa.C.S. § 4911.  Tampering with public records or information. (in relevant part)
“(a)  Offense defined.–A person commits an offense if he:   (1)  knowingly makes a false entry in, or false alteration of, any record, document or thing belonging to, or received or kept by, the government for information or record, or required by law to be kept by others for information of the government; … or (3)  intentionally and unlawfully destroys, conceals, removes or otherwise impairs the verity or availability of any such record, document or thing.”  
 (b)  Grading.–An offense under this section is a misdemeanor of the second degree unless the intent of the actor is to defraud or injure anyone, in which case the offense is a felony of the third degree.”

Spencer’s behavior qualifies under section (3) for impairing the availability of the record.  She is supposed to be the smart one!

Aria asks Jake about Mike taking classes with him.  Jake reveals that he thinks that Mike is afraid of some of his teammates; he says that they might see him as an easy target.

Meanwhile, we learn that the file that Spencer stole was from the night Toby’s mother died; it’s a transcript of an interview between Wilden and Eddie Lamb from Radley.  Spencer confronts Eddie with the file, because it indicates that Toby’s mom jumped off a roof, but the official records of the case say that she jumped out of the window.  Eddie implies that Wilden paid somebody off to lie about how Mrs. Cavanaugh died so that he could get a promotion at work.  More bad behavior in Rosewood.  How not-at-all surprising!  Spencer wants to know who else wants Wilden dead in order to exonerate Ashley.  At least her plan is better than what Hanna is currently trying to do.

Hanna and Mona are still working on their plan and talking about how barbaric it is to wear flat shoes instead of heels.  Mona interrogates Hanna about what happened to Ashley’s incriminating high heels that could have linked Ashley to the scene of Wilden’s death; Mona is frighteningly talented at this.  She reminds Hanna that Ashley is no longer the person who got rid of the shoes; Hanna got rid of the shoes.  She does more than remind Hanna of this, she beats it into her brain until Hanna practically believes that she did get rid of the shoes.  The next order of business for them to discuss is the gun.

Legal Note # 6:


See Broken Law # 2 above for a reminder that if the police were to believe Hanna’s fable about getting rid of her mother’s shoes, Hanna could also be arrested (AGAIN) for tampering with evidence.

While Hanna is planning her future in jail, Emily is attempting to salvage her future of going to college.  She has taken Ezra’s advice and is now meeting with Zoe, her supervisor from Habitat for Humanity in Haiti last summer. Zoe wants Emily to come with the group on another trip this summer; apparently Emily was MVP on the Habitat for Humanity team.

Next, Caleb visits Ashley in jail.  Ashley and Caleb discuss the Marin family resemblance in terms of character traits.  According to Caleb, Hanna is brave, stubborn and loyal thanks to her mother. Perhaps Hanna also got her tendency from criminal behavior from Ashley as well.  Ashley explains to Caleb that she’s worried about what Hanna might do if things don’t work out, because she knows that Hanna would do anything for her.

Mona continues her interrogation of Hanna about the gun, where she got it, why Ashley’s fingerprints are on the bullets; this girl wants to know everything about this fantasy murder.  Mona demands to know what it felt like to kill Wilden.  Mona is clearly the author of “The Guilty Girl’s Handbook.”  We see a glimpse of Hanna’s creepy, imaginary version of “killing Wilden,” and Mona is dissatisfied.  She doesn’t believe that Hanna would just pull out a gun on Wilden; that’s not enough.

 Mona screams at Hanna that Wilden must have said or done something to make her shoot him.  This is getting eerily realistic as the story continues; it’s beginning to look like Hanna actually DID murder detective Wilden.  If Mona wanted some entertainment on a boring day, she probably could pick anybody in Rosewood and trick them into thinking that they killed Alison DiLaurentis.  Mona bellows at Hanna that she needs to establish self defense properly; so Hanna invents a situation where Wilden asked her to sleep her way out of stealing his car, just like Ashley slept with him to get Hanna out of being arrested for shoplifting.  Now Hanna has proper grounds for raising self defense for the murder that she didn’t commit.  But Mona is not finished yet.

Caleb bangs on the door to interrupt this outrageously terrible behavior.  He is clearly pissed off to see that Mona is anywhere near Hanna.  Hanna is rude and demands that her loving boyfriend leave her alone so that she can hang out with the girl who hit her with a car and tormented and stalked her for all of last year.

Spencer goes home and finds her mother working her new intern in their house-turned-law office.  The intern tells Spencer that he knows she stole the file and offers to put it back before Veronica notices.  It’s good to see that this guy is going to be an incredibly ethical lawyer one day!  Aria calls her brother and some idiot answers and tells her that he’s unconscious.

Mona forces Hanna to repeat the vivid chronicle of the pretend murder AGAIN.  We see Hanna’s imagination again, and this time, Wilden is angrier, his tone is more menacing, and he’s kicking his car.  Mona provokes Hanna with comments that she knows will disgust her so that Hanna will believe all of her lies.  She is furious when Hanna forgets that she “shot Wilden twice,” not just once.  “DAMN IT, HANNA, YOU SHOT HIM TWICE, NOT ONCE, IN THIS FAKE VERSION OF LIFE WE’RE CREATING TO GET YOUR MOTHER OUT OF JAIL!”  Madhouse Mona is making sure this murder confession is perfect.  Lastly, Mona asks Hanna if she is remorseful, to which Hanna assures her “Of course I am.”  Mona finally seems satisfied; she tells Hanna that all she has to do now is tell the truth and everything will be alright.  So THIS is Mona’s idea of telling the truth.  What exactly counts as a lie in her “Guilty Girl’s Handbook”?

Hanna gets all dressed up and puts on her makeup; you need to look HOT to confess to murdering someone who you didn’t kill. Caleb stops her; even though Hanna asked him to leave, he secretly stuck around because for some crazy reason, he does not trust Mona.  He talks some sense into Hanna and makes her realize that this is an incredibly awful idea.  What on earth are these girls going to do when Caleb leaves the show?  They are SCREWED when he moves to Ravenswood and takes his common sense, logic and brain with him.

Hanna assures Caleb that this was her own idea, not Mona’s.  She insists that Mona is just helping her.  She’s aware that this sort of argument wouldn’t work on a judge, right?  Because it certainly isn’t working on Caleb; he thinks this whole concept is insane.  Hanna asks Caleb if he thinks that her mother killed Wilden, and he says that he did, but he doesn’t anymore after visiting her.

So Emily is being responsible and trying to make sure she gets an education, Hanna is turning herself into a murderer, and Spencer is interfering with a murder investigation.  That leaves Aria.  Aria is worried about Mike after the weird phone call, so she calls Jake.  He comes over to her house, and it turns out Mike is just at an arcade.  At least someone is out socializing like a real person.  Almost everybody else is acting like they just stepped out of an alternate universe.

At Motel Fields, Emily talks to her mother about her meeting with Zoe and the fact that she wants to go on their trip to Nicaragua next summer.  Pam replies with something along the lines of, “at least someone in this town likes you and doesn’t want to drown you, drug you, kill you and all of that other fun stuff.”  Then Pam starts bawling her eyes out.  Even though Emily thinks that Pam will get rehired at the precinct, Pam does not agree.

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 Broken Law # 6 Alert! (Episode 4×07) 


In the previous episode, Pam lost her job after Emily stole a key to Wilden’s apartment from the precinct, and then proceeded to break into the apartment with her friends to look for evidence to tamper with or steal.

Burglary – 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3502

“(a)  Offense defined.–A person is guilty of burglary if he enters a building or occupied structure, or separately secured or occupied portion thereof, with intent to commit a crime  therein, unless the premises are at the time open to the public or the actor is licensed or privileged to enter.
   (b)  Defense.–It is a defense to prosecution for burglary that the building or structure was abandoned.
   (c)  Grading. : 
(1)  Except as provided in paragraph (2), burglary is a felony of the first degree.
(2)  If the building, structure or portion entered is not adapted for overnight accommodation and if no individual is present at the time of entry, burglary is a felony of the second degree.
 (d)  Multiple convictions.–A person may not be convicted both for burglary and for the offense which it was his intent to commit after the burglarious entry or for an attempt to commit that offense, unless the additional offense constitutes a felony of the first or second degree.”

One might argue that Wilden’s apartment has been abandoned, but the fact that he died does not automatically deem his apartment abandoned property, especially when its occupant was just murdered.  Pennsylvania law lacks a clear definition for “abandoned real property,” and under common law, real property cannot be abandoned.  

This means that the girls would be guilty of burglary of Wilden’s apartment, because they entered unlawfully with intent to commit a crime (tampering or stealing evidence).  As discussed above, tampering with physical evidence is a misdemeanor, therefore if the girls were arrested in this instance, it would only be for the burglary and not tampering with evidence, per subsection (d) of Pennsylvania’s burglary law. 

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Moving back to episode 4×08, the next thing we see is Mona, strutting around a police station in snazzy, fashionable clothing, asking to speak to a detective about a murder.  What is she doing?!  While this is happening, Aria and Jake are sitting on the couch discussing movies, and Spencer is talking to her mother about Ashley’s trial.  Spencer confronts her with the document that she stole, and Mrs. Hastings is irritated and she doesn’t care that Spencer thinks that Wilden has always been “crooked,” nor does she care that the document could help Toby figure out what happened to his mother.  Mrs. Hastings says the document is irrelevant, and she wants it back now, end of story.

Spencer’s argument is interrupted when Mrs. Hastings gets a phone call and learns that Mona confessed to killing Wilden.  If that was her agenda the entire time, she must have been practicing her interrogation skills on Hanna all day so that when she inevitably avoids jail and goes to Radley, then winds up back in school (and we know she will), she can attempt to kick Spencer’s ass on the debate team.  The girls all go to the police station in time for Mona to give them a creepy smirk as if getting arrested for murder was on her bucket list.  Before she gets too happy, she should know that by lying to the police in this way, she is breaking another law (last one!) :

Broken Law # 7 Alert! 


Hindering apprehension or prosecution – 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5105 (in relevant part)
“(a) Offense defined.–A person commits an offense if, with intent to hinder the apprehension, prosecution, conviction or punishment of another for crime or violation of the terms of probation, parole, intermediate punishment or Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition, he:…
 (5)  provides false information to a law enforcement officer.

(b)  Grading.–The offense is a felony of the third degree if the conduct which the actor knows has been charged or is liable to be charged against the person aided would constitute a felony of the first of the second degree. Otherwise it is a misdemeanor of the second degree.”


As we discussed above, Ashley is being charged with murder in the first degree, which is a felony in the first degree.  Therefore, Mona would be guilty of a felony in the first degree for this lie.  

The girl loves to live in a lie, but it can’t be as fun when you’re confined to a mental institution or prison.  Get it together, Mona! Kisses- A